Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums that gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically-susceptible individuals. Bacteria found in plaque, produce toxins or poisons that irritate the gums. They may cause them to turn red, swell, and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth causing pockets to form. Plaque can also harden into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar) and forms above and below the gum line. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, a patient with this infection could ultimately lose their teeth. Periodontal disease is considered a silent” infection and may not necessarily present with bleeding, redness, swelling or even pain. However, in the most advanced stage of periodontitis, abcess formation is commonly seen to occur with all the aforementioned characteristics along with pain. This disease damages the teeth, gum, and jawbone of more than 80 percent of Americans by age 45.
Diagnosis of Periodontal Disease
Diagnosis of Gum and Bone Recession