Periodontal treatment is necessary when various conditions affect the health of your gums and the regions of your jawbone that hold your teeth in place. Retaining your teeth is directly dependent on proper periodontal care and maintenance. Healthy gums enhance the appearance of your teeth, like a frame around a beautiful painting. When your gums become unhealthy, they can either recede or become swollen and red. In later stages, the supporting bone is destroyed and your teeth will shift, loosen, or fall out. These changes not only affect your ability to chew and speak. They also spoil your smile.
The periodontium plays a key role in the interplay between oral health and systemic disease. Infection in these tissues, primarily by gram-negative anaerobic bacteria, can initiate a series of inflammatory and immunologic changes leading to the destruction of connective tissue and bone. Long considered a localized infection, periodontal disease is now linked to a variety of conditions with systemic implications.
Recent research has found a relationship between periodontal infection and more serious health problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and pre-term low birth weight babies. Tobacco use, stress, medications, hormonal changes, diabetes, heart disease and genetics can increase the risk for infection as well as accelerate the periodontal disease process and the severity of bone loss without any swelling nor bleeding noted by the patient. The bacteria associated with periodontal disease can travel into the blood stream and pose a threat to other distant parts of the body.